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An Evaluation of Phytochemicals in Maceration and Infusion Extracts of Cyperusrotundus Linn.Leaves in Two Different Solvents

Abstract : CyperusrotundusLinn.,is a perennial plant also known as purple nutsedge or nutgrass. It is being used as sedative, carminative, stimulant, tonic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, stomachic, anthelmintic, colic remedy and to remove renal calculi. It is reported to beanalgesic, alternative, astringent, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, carminative, contraceptive, demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient, febrifuge, immunostimulant, laxative, stimulative, tonic, and vermifugeproperties. The present work is aimed at extraction and analysis of phytochemicals from the leaves of Cyperusrotundus Linn. in two different methods of phytochemical extraction name maceration and infusion. Differences were observed not only in the yield of extraction but also in the presence of different phytochemical groups.Yield of extraction for acetonic maceration is 0.83%, while that of ethanolic infusion is reported to be 3.27%.Ethanolic extract were found to be rich in carbohydrates, alkaloids, tennins, phenols, flavonoids and saponins. On the other hand the acetonic extracts were rich in presence of alkaloidal group only. Since there has been little work was reported in the phytochemical of leave or areal parts of C. rotundusL., so the present investigation adds the piece of information in phytochemical study of the selected plant for methods and solvents used.

Paper Details : CyperusrotundusLinn.,is a perennial plant also known as purple nutsedge or nutgrass. It is being used as sedative, carminative, stimulant, tonic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, stomachic, anthelmintic, colic remedy and to remove renal calculi. It is reported to beanalgesic, alternative, astringent, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, carminative, contraceptive, demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient, febrifuge, immunostimulant, laxative, stimulative, tonic, and vermifugeproperties. The present work is aimed at extraction and analysis of phytochemicals from the leaves of Cyperusrotundus Linn. in two different methods of phytochemical extraction name maceration and infusion. Differences were observed not only in the yield of extraction but also in the presence of different phytochemical groups.Yield of extraction for acetonic maceration is 0.83%, while that of ethanolic infusion is reported to be 3.27%.Ethanolic extract were found to be rich in carbohydrates, alkaloids, tennins, phenols, flavonoids and saponins. On the other hand the acetonic extracts were rich in presence of alkaloidal group only. Since there has been little work was reported in the phytochemical of leave or areal parts of C. rotundusL., so the present investigation adds the piece of information in phytochemical study of the selected plant for methods and solvents used.

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